Fuzuli (or Fuduli, ?????; Azerbaijani: , c. 1483 – 1556) was the pen name of the Azerbaijani and Ottoman poet, writer and thinker Muhammad bin Suleyman (???? ?? ??????). Often considered one of the greatest contributors to the Dîvân tradition of Azerbaijani literature (Turkish literature), Fuzûlî in fact wrote his collected poems (dîvân) in three different languages: Azerbaijani Turkic, Persian, and Arabic. Although his Turkish works are written in the Azeri dialect of Turkish, he was well-versed in both the Ottoman and the Chagatai Turkic literary traditions as well. He was also well versed in mathematics and astronomy.