Vitaly Serhiiovych Anikeyenko (January 2, 1987 – September 7, 2011) was a Ukrainian-Russian professional ice hockey player. Born in Kiev, Anikeyenko spent the entirety of his professional hockey career with Lokomotiv Yaroslavl of the Kontinental Hockey League, save for the a loan spell with Metallurg Novokuznetsk during 2007–08. He was a member of the Russian national team that competed in the IIHF World Championship's under 18 and under 20 levels; winning a silver medal for the country in 2007. Anikeyenko was drafted 70th overall in the 2005 NHL Entry Draft by the Ottawa Senators. He died along with most of the Lokomotiv team in a plane crash on the first day of the 2011–12 season.