Nicholas Thoman (born March 6, 1986) is an American competition swimmer who specializes in the backstroke and is an Olympic gold medalist. He has won two world championships as a member of winning United States medley relay teams at the FINA World Aquatics Championships. He currently holds the world record in the 100-meter backstroke (short course). Thoman has won a total of eight medals in major international competition, three gold, two silver, and three bronze spanning the Olympics, World Championships, Pan Pacific Championships and Summer Universiade. He was a member of the 2012 U.S. Olympic team, and won gold and silver medals at the 2012 Summer Olympics.